As promised, I have found, converted and posted this document I had kicking around my computer on the Runes.
I have no idea who wrote this, and for the content, It's not bad. It is brief, to the point, and informative. Use this as a starting place only. There are many good references in this at the end, and I suggest that you use them.
Without further ado, The Runes!
The alphabet depicted above is generally called Futhark. It was named after it's first six letters (FEHU, URUZ, THURISAZ, ANSUZ, RAIDHO and KENAZ), and is usually found in the order shown above. These are the runes as I have learned them. There are many variations on runes ( both in character and name ) as you will discover if you search for, and study other materials on the topic ( and I hope you will ). This booklet was designed to serve you as an introduction to the topic of rune divination. It must be stressed though, that divination is just one of the many branches on the tree of rune lore.
There are many legends and applications involving runes. Along with being a valuable divinational tool, runes are also considered a magickal alphabet and a tool for visualization. They are employed in making talismans and each rune is associated with a distinct god. Even within rune divination there are branches of knowledge. In learning rune divination you will find a mundane meaning and a spiritual meaning for each rune. This booklet will be focusing on the mundane meanings of the runes, that is to say, the meanings as they apply to everyday life. For more information on rune lore and rune divination, please consult the list included at the end of this booklet.
As with all divinational tools, you will get the most out of your runes if you first get yourself in tune with them and keep up that connection. A suggested way to do this is to roll them in your hands like "worry stones" (while watching TV, hanging out, etc.) and keep them on your person as often as possible. This will allow them to pick up your energies while your mind is occupied by other things. Having your runes surrounded by your own energy forms a useful bond between you and them. For this reason, many people avoid letting others handle their runes. Of course, practicing runecasts and readings is the most direct way to get in tune with your runes.
It is important to learn the meaning of each rune. I suggest that you hold each rune while reading and learning it's individual meaning. This will teach both you and the rune what it represents. The more you can understand and interpret the runes, the more you will get out of your runecasts. This does not, however, mean you have to memorize everything you ever read about a rune. Read what's out there as guidelines and incorporate new information into your readings, but don't be afraid to let your own intuitions and experiences guide your interpretations. Essentially, experience with your runes will be more valuable than any book. (Though there are some fine books out there.)
Runes are always kept in a pouch. This is for the obvious reason of keeping them together (you should always have 25 runes), and it is also a handy way to carry them around. In the rune readings and runecasts I have included, you will notice instructions to "draw" a rune. Drawing runes directly from the pouch allows the choosing of runes to be done on a subconscious level. (You can't see them in the pouch.) To enhance the connection to your subconscious, it is suggested that you draw your runes with your passive hand (left hand if you're a "rightly", and right hand if you are a "lefty").
You may wish to put your name (using the runes) on your rune pouch. Or you may wish to make yourself a new one of a preferred color or size. Feel free to decorate your rune pouch in any way, personal touches on your pouch can only enhance the bond between you and your runes.
Many people like to have a special cloth that is used solely for rune readings and runecasts. This is called, simply enough, a rune cloth. It is usually made of a piece of white or single colored material. It may be square, round or whatever appeals to you. In size, it need only be large enough for a runecast or spread. ( A traditional size is 18" X 18".) It is possible to have a rune cloth replace your pouch. You could bundle your runes in your rune cloth and tie a string around the bundle.
Some people find it helpful to have a "map" figured out on their rune cloth. This "map" allows them to determine what the placement of the runes in a runecast mean. For example, you may wish to have a circle on your cloth. You could consider any rune inside the circle as being something that is near you, and the runes that fall outside the circle could be considered further away from you ( in terms of time, distance etc.). You could consult a book on tealeaf reading, a "map" of the tea cup can be incorporated into your runecasts or painted onto your cloth. The possibilities are limited only by your imagination.
If you decide to make a rune cloth, I suggest it be as simple and uncluttered as possible. If you choose to include a "map", bear in mind, the runes should be the main focus of the reading. Rune cloths that are patterned or too busy may detract from your readings by pulling your attention away from the cast.
The runes are an ancient form of writing. When they were originated, there was no parchment. This accounts for their sharp straight lines, since they had to be carved into stone or wood.
Below you will find the translation of these runes into the English alphabet. When writing (or carving ) the runes, you should keep them upright, never use a slant. Names and words that have two of the same letter next to each other are written with the second letter in a mirror image.
Runes, along with many other forms of divination can be valuable allies. In preparing to do a runecast you are preparing to ask your higher self for answers and assistance. There are many factors to take into account when interpreting a runecast, it takes practice. So, don't be discouraged if you come up with a few "duds" in your first readings. Because of divinations' similarity to counseling, I highly recommend that you practice readings on yourself before doing spreads for anyone else.
You should prepare yourself before you begin to read or cast the runes. Start by relaxing. Find somewhere free of distractions, and then clear your mind of any unrelated thoughts. It is important to concentrate on your specific question or issue while drawing and casting the runes. Focusing your mind and having a clear intent will greatly enhance the accuracy of your readings.
Interpreting a runecast is like telling a story. Your job is to find the characters, themes, events, and advice of the reading. Take as much time as you need to interpret a spread, and pay close attention to all the connections. The times I am most satisfied in the accuracy of my readings are when each rune clearly plays a part in the runecast, or rather when the runecast itself becomes a comprehensible story.
Sometimes the runes will clearly answer your question, and sometimes they will ignore it completely, choosing to focus on other issues instead. Often times these are issues that you knew existed but didn't want to face. Look within to see if the runes haven't met the mark.
Runes (in divination) work by connecting you to that part of you that is in touch with your subconscious, higher self or that part of you that is in tune with the all. However you want to look at it. Even the most accurate of runecasts can not tell you what is destined to be. They only predict what is likely to happen based on current information. A negative runecast should never be taken as irreversible, you always have the choice to change your situation in life. In divination, runes are used to tell you what path you are currently on. Remember that it is always within your power to keep with or alter that path.
In the next few pages you will find examples of rune spreads and runecasts. You may use these, or other techniques and rune spreads that you come across. There are an abundance of tarot spreads available, for example, tarot spreads adapt very well to rune divination. You could certainly form your own spreads and techniques for a reading, or maybe incorporate methods from various spreads. Generally, the more runes used in a runecast or spread, the more involved the reading.
Runes are read either upright or reversed. When casting the runes, it is helpful to have a system of deciding which runes you will consider upright, and which you will consider reversed. I usually interpret all the runes with their top pointing up or to the left, upright; and all the runes that have their top pointing down or to the right, reversed.
Simply clear your mind, concentrate on a question and pull one rune. Consult the meaning of this rune and see how it applies to you. This technique can be used as a daily pick in the morning to see what type of day you can expect, or to answer a specific question.
You can also use the one rune method to answer a "yes or no" question. Upright, the answer is yes; reversed the answer is no. Runes that have no reverse should be considered upright.
Concentrate on your situation (or question) and draw three runes. Place them on your rune cloth (or table or whatever). Like the one rune method, this can be used to answer a "yes or no" question. Place all the runes face up. If the runes are predominantly upright, the answer is yes. If the runes are mostly reversed, the answer is no.
Another way to use the three rune method is to turn over one rune at a time and:
Concentrate on your situation and draw five runes. Lay the runes face down, one through five as illustrated above. Then, one at a time, turn them over and read them in the following order.
2) PRESENT the current problem, situation or issue.
1) PAST something from your past that caused this situation.
4) HELP This is the help (from a friend, relative, stranger or yourself ) that you can expect.
5) OBSTACLES The aspects of the situation that can not be changed and must be accepted.
3) RESULT the outcome of the spread in consideration of all the runes in the spread.
Concentrate on your issue and draw seven runes, one at a time. Lay the runes face down in the above order. In this reading, you interpret two runes together for a combined meaning:
This is a less specific way to read the runes. There are as many variations of runecast techniques as there are runecasters. The first thing you will want to do, is choose the number of runes you'll be casting. The number nine is closely associated with rune lore, and I have found it to be a manageable size for runecasts. Odd numbers are traditional in divination, but you may use any number you wish. In choosing the number of runes you will work with, keep in mind whether or not you will be incorporating the runes that were cast face down. Some people cast all their runes and read only the runes that fall face up, and others utilize those runes that are "hiding". I suggest that you experiment and find the technique that you are most comfortable with.
While concentrating on your issue (or simply requesting guidance) draw nine runes (or however many you have decided on) and cup them in your hands. Shake them up and drop them onto your rune cloth (or whatever). Runecasting, it's true, is not as defined a method as using a spread, but that very lack of structure can be a valuable asset. You may find that the "look" of the runecast lends meaning to your interpretation. If after casting the runes, for example. You notice that they have formed some sort of picture, let that picture speak to you and see how it applies to your reading.
After noting the initial appearance of the runecast, read each individual pile of runes, then the runes that are face up, then one at a time flip over the runes that are face down (if you are including them). Take all the time you need to interpret the runecast. Basically, your observations should lean towards individual rune meanings, combined meanings and the relationships the runes have with each other in terms of distance, overlapping, etc.
There are so many ways the runes can fall, I suggest you practice casting with a few pre-determined things to look for. If some of the runesappear to be in the center, for example, I usually take that to mean that those runes are the predominant issues, and runes that are away from the center may be considered outside the main issue. (Though they are in the spread and therefore have influence.) Important things to look for are: How many runes are face down, (unless you have chosen to exclude face down runes from your cast) are there more runes hidden than showing? If so, these may be elements in your life that are at work behind the scenes. They may be issues that you have not been able to focus on, or they may be hidden elements at work in your life. (Depending on the runes themselves and their placement in the casting.) How many runes are reversed, and how many upright? This will give you a feeling for whether the runecast is generally positive or negative. Runes that are touching or covering other runes are closely working together in some way. It is important to remember that each new combination of runes forms a new meaning, and each new cast will form new combinations.
Forming a more defined plan for runecasting may be accomplished by adding special features to your rune cloth, (see information under the heading RUNE CLOTH) or simply figuring out something ahead of time. There is no right or wrong way to cast the runes. Each technique is as valuable as the next. Numerology, tealeaf reading, astrology, and any other form of divination can be incorporated into your runecasting techniques, so keep your eyes open for new and interesting ways to cast the runes.
In this section you will find a brief description of each rune. Though they each have an individual significance, rune interpretation involves blending runes to form additional meanings. Not all of the combined meanings are listed, so it will be your job to learn how they work together.
This rune represents earned income. It represents your career as well as your wealth, status and position. FEHU is a rune of success and attainment. Drawing this rune indicates that prosperity is coming towards you in some form. (often, but not always regarding money.) The type of gain will be indicated by the surrounding runes: With BERKANA or GEBO for example, the source of gain will be through a personal relationship; along side of RAIDHO, the increases could be the result of a journey; with OTHALA it could be from a legacy or will. This rune announces the arrival of that which you have worked for. You will overcome opposition. The advice of FEHU is to keep with the plan you have already underway. If negative runes surround FEHU, the advice is to conserve what you have.
FEHU REVERSED usually represents loss of personal property, esteem, or something that you put in effort to keep. It indicates some sort of failure. With positive runes surrounding FEHU REVERSED it is just a delay or obstacle. Along side negative runes, a material loss is indicated. There may be problems with your finances or your emotions now. You may be feeling a lack of fulfillment, possibly sexual frustration. FEHU REVERSED cautions you to avoid materialism, don't be tempted to waste your resources. Think carefully how your actions will affect your future. There may be female health problems and weight gain. Again, for a clearer picture, look to the surrounding runes. Loss or a disappointment is shown if you continue on in the same manner. The advice of FEHU REVERSED is to put yourself on a budget and abandon any plans as they might hurt you financially or otherwise.
This is the rune of strength, good health and sometimes advancement in career. It may also represent the male (one with strong emotions) in a relationship. Drawing this rune is a good indicator that your wish or dream will come to pass. URUZ indicates a time of great energy and health for you. It is also a rune of sudden or unexpected changes (usually for the better). Drawing URUZ suggests improvement in your business or finances (especially when paired with business or finance runes) will happen, but only through hard work. There will be new challenges and responsibilities along with the strength to take them on. URUZ brings the message of good fortune, exciting events and success.
URUZ REVERSED in your reading shows you may have failed to take advantage of the moment. You should not allow fear of a low self image to hold you back ( might you have already? ) from any challenges you encounter. This rune reversed tells you that your will power is weak now. Low vitality and ill health are indicated. If URUZ REVERSED shows up for a male, it might show sexual problems. You may be unmotivated. You may be experiencing bad luck. If GEBO or THURISAZ are in the cast, your strength is being used against you. With RAIDHO or EIHWAZ it can show that lack of motivation will lead you to pass by a change for the better (unless the rest or the runes are negative, in which case you should let the change pass you by).
THURISAZ is strongly associated with protection and luck. In a positive runecast, these are on your side. This is especially true if EIHWAZ or ALGIZ are paired with it. In a negative reading, your luck may be ending. In either case, now is not a time to be too self assured. THURISAZ in a reading often indicates that an important decision is at hand. One that may change the course of your life. THURISAZ advises you to seek advice, especially if it is found with ANSUZ, JERA, or MANNAZ. In a mostly negative rune cast, you are probably being stubborn and too self assured. If you find HAGALAZ, NAUTHIZ or ISA in the cast you should postpone any plans you may have. In a negative rune cast, there may be opposition of some kind from people who are stronger than you in some way.
THURISAZ REVERSED is a warning that you must be very cautious while making any decisions or changes in your life. Now is not the time to make hasty decisions. THURISAZ REVERSED might indicate that you are have already refused to follow good advice (depending on the placement in the runecast). Your mind is stubbornly set. Your luck may be running out. You are perhaps deceiving yourself about something. If KENAZ is present, you are feeling threatened by someone whom you feel is below you in some way. The advice of THURISAZ REVERSED is to slow down, check every possible angle and get expert advice before you take any action.
This rune represents the spoken word, communication, learning, the taking of advice, and the acquiring of wisdom. ANSUZ in a reading represents an intelligent individual who is full of energy. Be on the lookout for someone wiser than you who can give you good advice. (Maybe someone older.) If this rune shows up near BERKANA the advice will probably be from a close relative, possibly your mother or another woman. If it is shown with OTHALA, it will be an older relative. With JERA, you can expect it to come from and "official type" of person (a doctor, lawyer etc...). Sometimes this rune suggests an apprenticeship or a new trade under the guidance of someone who can teach you a great deal. ANSUZ may indicate some form of test as well. (School or a job interview or the like.) Drawing ANSUZ shows that you now have the ability to get through whatever arises with ease.
ANSUZ REVERSED warns you not to believe anything you hear now. Lies, trickery, rumors and deceit are around you. Get second opinions. Any advice you get now should be considered biased and selfish. Someone may be trying to interfere with your plans. ANSUZ REVERSED indicates a time of poor communication, and a lack of clarity. You may be failing (or refusing) to learn from the lessons of life. Sometimes ANSUZ REVERSED is an indication that an elderly person who is causing problems. There may be trouble with something you study or misuse of knowledge.
This is the rune of journeys. It indicates travel, and movement. In a positive rune cast, RAIDHO is a sure sign of a safe and pleasant journey. Any travel you undergo is sure to bring you pleasure. Sometimes this is in reference to a journey within the self. This is a time to follow your souls path. It is a good time for negotiations or discussions. Compromises can be reached now. You may be about to receive unexpected news (confirm this with the surrounding runes). If you had a financial question prior to drawing this rune, RAIDHO indicates that now is the time to buy or sell. In a negative reading, don't place faith in other peoples words, and be sure to read the fine print. If PERTHRO REVERSED is near RAIDHO in the cast, promises will be broken. If it falls with ALGIZ reversed, someone is trying to take advantage of you.
Drawing RAIDHO REVERSED indicates that now is a bad time for travelling, though you may need to. Someone may be visiting you during an inconvenient time. Or it might be a visit to an ill friend or relative. Delays, breakdowns, accidents and problems are likely during travel. If possible, postpone any journey you may have planned. There may be an upset of your plans. Any transactions or negotiations are not likely to turn out in your favor now. There may be trouble in your relationships. Try and be extra patient with people now. Look to surrounding runes to see where these delays may affect you.
This rune represents you opening up to new strength, energy, and power now. KENAZ is a rune of spiritual enlightenment and higher guidance. It shows good health. Keep a good, positive attitude. If your life has been stagnant, KENAZ brings news of an energetic change for the better. This rune is protective, it tells of good things coming into your life. This rune tells of you climbing out of a rut, it is a great time to start something new. KENAZ also represents creativity, it is a fantastic rune to draw if your are an artist or craft person. If the question is regarding romance, KENAZ represents starting new relationships or fresh starts to old ones. With ANSUZ, RAIDHO, PERTHRO or ALGIZ, this rune represents the birth of an idea, something creative, something inspired. It can mean actual birth when paired with INGUZ, HAGALAZ, or BERKANA. (Along side of BERKANA it can also mean a burst of sexual activity.)
KENAZ REVERSED represents an ending of some sort. KENAZ REVERSED indicates there will be a loss of possessions; social standing, or an offer will be withdrawn. KENAZ REVERSED foretells material limitations in your life. With NAUTHIZ, ISA or OTHALA REVERSED, a loss or delay will block your progress and cause you anxiety. You might be exercising poor judgment now. Confusion regarding romantic involvement may be present. KENAZ REVERSED shows up at a time when the people involved will go their separate ways. This is especially true if NAUTHIZ or NAUTHIZ REVERSED is present. The advice of this rune reversed is do not cling. Accept the changes and get on with life.
This rune refers to a partnership of some kind. Either business or love. Drawing this rune may mean an important development in a romantic relationship. This rune also indicates commitment and a gift of some sort. It may be an emotional gift of love or a material gift given just when you need it. Often GEBO is telling of a gift that binds a relationship, a gift that is a symbol of shared love. Generosity of some sort will be present. It usually indicates a time in your life that is full of peace and contentment. In a predominantly negative reading, GEBO may indicate that your problem is rooted within your emotions.
This is the rune of joy. It tells of happiness coming into your life. This rune indicates success. With RAIDHO or EHWAZ it means a fortunate and pleasing journey. With ANSUZ it means good news. Cast with love related runes, it can indicate deep affection and lasting emotional happiness. If there was a question regarding the object of your affections, this rune may represent that person. Some activity with this person will have happy results. Pleasure through your work is indicated by WUNJO. This is especially true if your work is of an artistic or creative nature.
This rune reversed is an indication of problems in your life and your unhappiness. Cast with RAIDHO or EHWAZ, it can show an unsafe or unsuccessful journey with breakdowns and delays. In matters relating to employment, WUNJO REVERSED describes dissatisfaction with your job or your performance. In love matters there will be disappointment and loss of affections. The advice of this rune reversed is to be cautious. Put off any important decisions. You are probably feeling depressed and dissatisfied. You might be experiencing trouble from associates or people opposing you. Nothing is permanent, this to shall pass.
This is the rune of unexpected disruptions. It indicates limitations and delays. Drawing this rune tells you that the forces at work in your situation are outside of your control. However, further down the line, you may see a reason for these limitations. You may be considering a risk of some sort. HAGALAZ paired with FEHU or JERA shows eventual success but only after much effort on your part. If any of the surrounding runes are cast reversed you should avoid any risk or gamble. With NAUTHIZ REVERSED, extreme caution should be taken. Sometimes it means that your future is in the hands of someone else, this is not usually someone you are familiar with. Perhaps an official of some sort. The advice of this rune is do not start anything new now. In an otherwise positive runecast, (especially if paired with ISA, NAUTHIZ or OTHALA) the meaning leans more towards interruption as opposed to disruption. Look to runes that fall after HAGALAZ to see if this disruption will change the course of your life.
NAUTHIZ is the rune of delays. Now is a time to exercise patience. Poor health, feelings of oppression and the like will work out in there own time. Worrying won't help at all. Drawing this rune indicates a time when you are passing through a difficult learning situation. Face your fears. Think twice before taking on any new projects. You may not really have the ability or the energy right now to deal with them. Drawing NAUTHIZ indicates a time when you should avoid greed. Now is not the time to try and surround yourself with material things. Focus instead on your spiritual side, sometimes you can't change destiny. You should conserve your energy now. This rune may indicate that your emotional needs are not being met. It may be telling you that you are blowing a situation out of proportion. Do not drain your own energy.
This rune indicates a time of standstills. A freeze in some situation. All your plans should be put on hold for a while. Wait for improved conditions or more enthusiasm before continuing on. Paired with delay runes, positive accomplishments are unlikely now. This rune (unless paired with negative runes) indicates temporary delays and frustrations. It may tell of a relationship cooling off. (Examine the runes surrounding ISA to see what type of relationship.) There may be bad feelings and resentments, possibly leading to separation. Problems with loyalty are indicated. Unless ISA is paired with reversed love runes, relationship problems will be resolved soon, but in a strongly negative runecast, the relationship or project is no longer salvageable and the advice of this rune is to move on.
JERA is the runic symbol of karma. What you put into your world will eventually come back to you. This is the rune of the harvest. In a positive reading, it indicates a time of reaping the rewards of efforts you have expanded. The repayment of money and favors will come now. This rune has jurisdiction over justice and legal issues. Drawing JERA should be a reminder that events take time. There may be delays regarding legal issues or finances or the home. (Especially if NAUTHIZ is involved.) In a mostly negative reading, JERA indicates that the problems can be alleviated with careful effort and possibly legal help. Paired with ISA, it indicates you will be paying for past misdeeds. Cast along side of HAGALAZ or NAUTHIZ, this rune shows that you are following some path for which you are not suited.
This is another rune of protection. Drawing this rune indicates that you have set your sights on a reasonable target and can achieve your goals. There may be a slight obstacle, delay or minor problems. But it won't cause too much trouble so don't be too eager to move ahead. The obstacle or delay may very well prove beneficial, or it won't turn out too big. Look at the runes surrounding EIHWAZ to determine if there is an obstacle and what it might involve. You should try to anticipate problems that may arise. The advice of EIHWAZ is to be flexible, work with change. Use your imagination and turn any situation to your advantage. EIHWAZ has been interpreted as having a tie to the past. It can mean that you will hear from someone from your past. Sometimes this rune is an indication that problems from your past that were not dealt with effectively will be returning. In a runecast including ANSUZ or JERA, problems that previously had no answer will soon be solved. Though it hints at delays, EIHWAZ is a positive rune.
This is a rune of mystery. It involves hidden things, secrets and occult abilities. Drawing this rune is a good indication that something that has remained hidden is about to come to light. Perhaps there will be a disclosure of some secret. Unexpected gains and surprises are indicated. Along side of THURISAZ, GEBO or HAGALAZ it could be an unearned gain of money. It may mean a gift, if so, look carefully at the motives behind it. In emotional matters, PERTHRO indicates extreme sexual compatibility. Though if it is found with URUZ, KENAZ or TIEWAZ, this rune describes a relationship based solely on sex. In a predominantly negative runecast, PERTHRO may mean an illness that is difficult to cure. This rune may also be and indication of strong intuition or occult ability.
Drawing PERTHRO REVERSED should tell you not to expect too much now. Events won't turn out as you had hoped. Obstacles, as well as unpleasant secrets and surprises are indicated. If you are hiding something, it is about to be revealed. Things from your past that you may be hiding (or hid so well you forgot about them) could very well come back to haunt you now. You should exercise caution. Someone may disappoint you. Possibly a disappointment involving money. Now is not the time to loan money or make new investments (especially when it involves a friend). You may be having sexual problems. If you draw PERTHRO REVERSED, you should stay away from any experimentation with occult forces.
This is the rune of protection. It tells of a fortunate new influence entering your life. You should follow your instincts now since they will hit the mark. Friendships are in the picture, either new or old friends will lend you useful assistance. ALGIZ is often a prediction of an opportunity someone will give you. Accepting the offer or opportunity will turn you in a beneficial new direction. As usual, look to the placement of ALGIZ and the surrounding runes to find information of the type of offer. If any harm is pending, you are likely to receive a strong premonition. Use and trust your intuition. This rune can indicate that a "guardian angel" is hovering.
Drawing ALGIZ REVERSED shows a time when you are vulnerable. You may have to sacrifice something with no gain. Someone may be deceiving or misleading you. Be on guard for trouble from any direction. ALGIZ REVERSED tells that there is someone you should avoid, or perhaps an offer that you should refuse. Someone may be using you. Consult the surrounding runes for a clearer indication of this. Beware of new "friends", someone will try and use you. It is possible that you are deceiving yourself, don't expect something for nothing. If you are behaving with greed or are being naive, someone is sure to try and con you. In questions regarding love, delay a new relationship until more is known about their character and motives.
SOWELO is a rune of victory, health, and success. It indicates a time when power will be available to you for positive changes in your life. In a generally positive reading, SOWELO is an indication of your being healthy and of you overcoming opposition. RELAX! Don't let worry and tension get you. In a runecast with RAIDHO, WUNJO, OTHALA or FEHU, you are being a workaholic. Paired with negative runes SOWELO foretells of over exertion. This rune could be a warning that your stressful lifestyle may deteriorate your health. When SOWELO is shown with HAGALAZ, ISA, NAUTHIZ or THURISAZ, you may wish to be in total control of your life at all times, and if this is not possible you are likely to feel anxious and helpless. Despite all this, SOWELO is generally considered a positive rune.
This is a rune of victory and success in any competition. You're ready to fight for what you believe in. Unless many negative runes are in the cast you will succeed. Now is a time when you are feeling extremely motivated. This rune indicates strength and will power. TIEWAZ represents male energies. If the person asking the question is a man, TIEWAZ represents him. The runes that are closest to TIEWAZ should then be read as the forces that are most closely affecting him. If the reading is for a woman than this rune represents the man with whom she is closest. TIEWAZ has jurisdiction over sexual relationships, in questions regarding romance, TIEWAZ gives a very positive answer, and can means a new romance. The man involved has good intentions. Shown in a spread with WUNJO, it means an affectionate lasting relationship. With FEHU, URUZ and SOWELO, you will keep up the fight and tear up the opposition. However, if TIEWAZ is surrounded by many negative or delay runes, no matter how determined and strong you may be, you won't win.
TIEWAZ REVERSED is an indication of failure in competition. If the question is involving a romance, the man in the relationship is not being honest. You may be experiencing lack of fidelity in friendships and relationships. You are feeling impatient. Your energy and creative flow are blocked. You may be inclined to give up at the first sign of difficulties. Good things in your life are not surrounding you, but are you putting out any effort to draw them in? In matters involving the heart, TIEWAZ REVERSED signifies a time of dwindling passion, difficulties in communication, and possibly separation.
BERKANA is the family rune. This rune refers to a happy family event, (a wedding, birth etc..). Or this rune can mean the formation of an idea. This rune represents new beginnings, a new project or romance, something that will bring you happiness. If the reading is for a woman, BERKANA often represents her. In this case, those runes that surround BERKANA will be the forces that surround the woman. In a man's reading, BERKANA is likely to represent the woman in his life with whom he has the closest relationship. In certain readings BERKANA represents your mother. If you have any schemes or plans, the advice of BERKANA is to implement them right away. BERKANA is especially fortunate in the outcome position of a runecast. It may mean the birth of a child, (especially if paired with INGUZ) or a marriage. In a mostly negative reading, BERKANA indicates that though you will be successful, your success will not last.
Drawing this rune reversed indicates family problems and or domestic troubles. You are probably feeling anxiety about someone close to you. (With GEBO it is your "significant other", with ANSUZ it is a child, and with OTHALA it is an older relative). In matters of business, the ventures will have trouble getting started or may fall through, but this is not really a negative rune unless the whole reading is. Business plans may just need to be saved for later.
This rune represents movement and changes. Travelling, a change of occupation or maybe a new dwelling place. EHWAZ tells of a change for the better. Gradual development and steady progress are indicated. This rune may mean a journey, especially if paired withRAIDHO (short distance), or LAGUZ (long distance). With ANSUZ REVERSED it means visiting a sick relative and with BERKANA the changes or travel involves a family get together. EHWAZ indicates that you are going about a problem correctly. If paired with ANSUZ, JERA, or MANNAZ someone with good judgment is helping you.
EHWAZ REVERSED in your runecast is a good indication that you are feeling restless or confined in a situation. This is not a really a negative rune even though it is reversed. You are perhaps craving a change. Sometimes a distant journey is involved. This is especially the case if paired with LAGUZ. If RAIDHO is present in the spread, the journey will only be a temporary one. If travel is indicated, it will probably leave you with the feeling of having wasted your time. If URUZ is in the spread, a sudden or unexpected change is indicated. If EHWAZ REVERSED is in a negative reading, the advice is to not make any changes in your life now. Be sure that what you are involved in is timely.
MANNAZ is the rune of assistance and teamwork. You can expect to receive some sort of aid or cooperation now. Possibly in the form of good advice. (Especially if paired with ANSUZ.) Surrounded by positive runes, MANNAZ indicates that now is a very good time to implement any plans. It speaks of constructive activity with the assistance of many people. MANNAZ in your reading hints to be on the lookout for a new acquaintance, one that will enlarge your outlook and contacts. If the surrounding runes are negative, you may have blown a problem way out of proportion and are on the verge of giving up. In that case you may be too caught up in a problem to solve it, and should seek advice from someone. It is important for you to have a positive attitude now. If it needs adjusting, do it. If there are delay runes (NAUTHIZ, ISA, OTHALA and ANSUZ REVERSED), the time is not right for projects. Take special care to remain modest. This rune may indicate magickal ability especially if paired with PERTHRO or LAGUZ. Although LAGUZ in a spread with MANNAZ may also mean trouble with women, as always, look to the placement in the spread and the surrounding runes.
This rune appearing reversed tells you to expect no help now. MANNAZ REVERSED in your reading may indicate a time when you are feeling isolated and lonely. Perhaps you have (or will) separated yourself from others to "pull yourself together", and reflect on your life. There will be obstacles, (especially if found with HAGALAZ or NAUTHIZ) and someone or more likely a group may be interfering in with your business. If this is the case, look at the surrounding runes to show how to deal with them. If ISA or NAUTHIZ are in the runecast, the advice is to wait. With JERA, the advice is to use legal means. When paired with TIEWAZ, the advice of MANNAZ REVERSED is to fight. Selfishness on your part may be part of the problem. You should try and see things from point of view of someone else.
This is a feminine rune of intuitive knowledge. Whenever you draw this rune it is advising you to follow your intuitions. Psychic ability is high. This is especially true if PERTHRO is in the cast. It may mean that you are being guided or protected by higher forces. (It is unlikely that you are aware of them.) It may also mean a prophetic dream. In relationships, this rune represents the woman. Finding this rune in a cast indicates that by use of your intuitions and imagination, you are capable of dealing with any problems that may arise. In a man's reading, it represents a strong and supportive female in his life. This rune represents good memory and success in learning. It shows use of your imagination. Things will go your way. LAGUZ indicates a time of relaxing, cleansing and re-evaluating your life. In the result position of a spread, it means that others will be sympathetic, understanding and helpful (especially when paired with MANNAZ).
LAGUZ REVERSED is an indication of a period of confusion in your life. You may be making wrong decisions and misjudgments that will poorly affect your actions. Lack of creativity and feelings of being in a rut are indicated. This is a bad sign unless surrounded by positive runes. You will be or already were misled by your intuition into something you can't handle. Temptation to do the wrong thing or to take the easy way out is strong. Get out of any bad situation as fast as you can (unless LAGUZ REVERSED is surrounded by delay runes). LAGUZ REVERSED often warns you that there is a woman (no matter what your gender) who will bring trouble (including betrayal or backstabbing) into your life. You will recognize her as someone with neurotic tendencies. If the runecast is otherwise positive, it might mean a strong female who will help you, though she will no doubt ask you to make it up later. If LAGUZ REVERSED is paired with PERTHRO, you have failed or are failing to use your wisdom and instincts.
INGUZ is a rune of completion, it represents a time in your life when all your loose strings are tied and your are free to move in a new direction. INGUZ represents a successful conclusion to the problem at hand. This is a rune of relief. A time of no anxiety. INGUZ shows a milestone in your life, very possibly the realization of a dream. When paired with BERKANA it is the birth of a child, with FEHU it's a new job. With GEBO or WUNJO, the milestone is a new love affair. Sometimes this rune brings news of a stranger coming into your life. This rune shows the ending of an old phase of your life and the beginning of more exciting times. Positive energies and feelings of deliverance are indicated. This rune describes good fortune. INGUZ only has a negative meaning when all the other runes are negative in the runecast.
This is the rune of growth and increase. There are no negative aspects to this rune. If negative runes surround DAGAZ, it shows an inner strength that can be used during difficult times. This rune counteracts against delay runes. It shows slow and steady growth and progress. DAGAZ is the dawning of a new day full of hope and optimism. This rune could indicate a major change in your life (one for the better). With MANNAZ, it can mean that things will get better through the help of others. It is possible that this rune is describing the entrance of enlightenment into your life. Shown with WUNJO REVERSED, OTHALA REVERSED or HAGALAZ, this rune indicates that you are drawing problems towards yourself by dwelling on them. Keeping a good attitude can enhance your situation a great deal.
This is the rune of possessions. OTHALA represents those items that you have or will acquire. Often represents that which you have inherited, including property, possessions and character traits. With SOWELO, it means a hard worker, someone who works hard for there possessions. This rune represents someone inspired. (Especially when in a runecast with MANNAZ or ANSUZ.) This rune can mean help from older people or old friends. Overall, OTHALA represents property and legacies.
Delay and frustration are indicated when you draw OTHALA REVERSED. Loss in the areas of your possessions is shown. There may be legal problems or maybe the changing of a will. You might be trying to go too fast, slow down. With positive runes in the cast, success may be possible, but further off than you want. Be patient and pay attention to detail. Don't expect any financial help, and by all means, do not try to "buck the system" in any way. If you do, or have already, OTHALA REVERSED is a warning that someone like an IRS agent will step into the picture. OTHALA REVERSED is sometimes an indication of legal problems regarding land or property. This is especially true if shown with JERA.
The following is a brief list of books found under the topic of runes. You can also find information on runes under other topics like Nordic, Germanic and Scandinavian history, mythology and customs; alphabets; Shamanism; magick; witchcraft; Paganism; divination; talismans, charms and amulets; and under the topic of gods (specifically, the Nordic god Odin). Here are just a few books to get you started: